PIE Lexicon Project
System PIE (Pyysalo 2013)
Foma (Hulden 2009)
FIN-CLARIN

Proto-Indo-European Lexicon

The generative etymological dictionary of Indo-European languages

The Proto-Indo-European Phoneme Inventory

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(PRINCIPLE of POSTULATION)



Department of Modern Languages
Department of World Cultures
Indo-European Studies
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PIE



PIE √e- (pron.) ‘dieser’
(IEW 281-2)
(+ Pyysalo; compare PIE *o ‘idem’)
√e-
Hitt. e·
(pers/dem.pron.) ‘er, sie, es’
(HEG A:1-3)
(Hitt. ·ei [plN])
Pal. e·
(pers/dem.pron.) ‘er, sie, es’
(DPal. 48-9)
(Pal. ·ei [plN])
Hitt. e·ḫu-
(vb.A.) ‘kommen ‹with Hitt. hu- ‘eilen’›’
(HHand. 30)
(Hitt. e-ḫu [ipv2sg])
1. PIE *e·hɑu-
PIE *ɑ → Ø
Loss of *ɑ
Rɑ›0 → *e·hu-
(SPIE §2.2.4)
2. e·hu-
PIE *h/ɦ → Hitt. ḫ
Orthographic change of *h/ɦ into ḫ
RH›ḫ → Hitt. e·ḫu-
(SPIE §4.6.3)
Hitt. e·ni-
(dem.pron.) ‘that one’
(HEG E:106-7)
(HiuA §54, e-ni-iš, e-ni, e-ni-uš)
Hitt. e·ni·šan
(adv.) ‘thus, as stated’
(HIL. 260-1)
(Hitt. e-ni-iš-ša-an)
1. PIE *e·ni·son
PIE *o → a
Change of *o into a
Ro›a → *e·ni·san
2. e·ni·san
PIE *s → š
Orthographic change of *s into š
Rs›š → Hitt. e·ni·šan
(Pyysalo 2013:XX)
RV. a·di.á
(adv.) ‘an diesem Tage, heute’
(WbRV. 39)
(RV. adiá)
1. PIE *e·diɑHó
PIE *ɑ → Ø
Loss of *ɑ
Rɑ›0 → *e·diHó
(SPIE §2.2.4)
2. e·diHó
PIE *ó → á
Change of *ó into á
Ró›á → *e·diHá
3. e·diHá
PIE *H → .
Metric hiatus from PIE *h/ɦ
RH›' → *e·di.á
4. e·di.á
*e → a
Change of *e into a
Re›a → RV. a·di.á

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